"General McChrystal’s plan for counterinsurgency — 50 percent of it is military. The other 50 percent is a development program, or a stabilization program."
– Andrew Natsios, former USAID Administrator
President Obama and his top commander in Afghanistan argue that it’ll take more than boots, bullets and brawn to win the war. Counterinsurgency calls for an army of governance, education and agricultural specialists. The US Agency for International Development was once packed with that expertise. But today, USAID is itself a victim of poverty with a tenth of the resources and expertise it once had. And as it’s scrambling to deploy more resources to Afghanistan and Iraq, countries like Haiti, Ethiopia and Sudan are starving for foreign aid. That’s left the Obama administration and USAID struggling to meet the demand.
Executive Producer: Aaron Lobel / AAM Producers: Monica Bushman, Sean Carberry, Matt Ozug, Monica Villavicencio and Chris Williams / Interns: Colleen Castle, Isabella Schwiermann and Annika Witzel / Photo: USAID.
Host: Deborah Amos
Sean Carberry travels to Afghanistan to explore the challenges of doing development work in a conflict zone.
Guests include Nancy Birdsall, President of the Center for Global Development; Andrew Natsios, USAID Adminstrator from 2001 to 2005; Captain Bob Cline, of the First of the 19th Agribusiness Development Team in Khowst Province; Bill Frej, USAID Mission Director in Afghanistan; Lieutenant Colonel Carlos Holcomb, commander of the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in Paktia Province; Ashley Jackson, a researcher for Oxfam in Kabul; Bob Kitchen, Country Director for the International Rescue Committee in Afghanistan; and John Koogler, USAID representative for the PRT in Paktia Province.
And Deborah Amos talks with Congressman Howard Berman (D-CA) about the way forward for US foreign aid.
Deborah Amos traces the history of US foreign aid, from its beginnings in the Marshall Plan after World War II to its present state of disarray.
Guests include Louis Picard, Professor of International Development at the University of Pittsburgh and Carol Lancaster, Dean of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.
Matt Ozug visits Ethiopia, home to one of the largest USAID missions in the world, where USAID and other organizations are working to promote development and prevent hunger.
Guests include Nancy Birdsall, President of the Center for Global Development; Shumete Gizaw, a doctoral student in Development Studies at the Addis Ababa University; Andrew Natsios, USAID Adminstrator from 2001 to 2005; Mark Nusbach, acting director of Save the Children USA in Ethiopia; Kevin Smith, Supervisory Program Officer for USAID in Ethiopia; Thomas Staal, USAID Mission Director in Ethiopia; and Maria Strintzos of REST, a relief society for Tigray in Northern Ethiopia.