Sudan has been at war with itself for decades. Arab Muslims in the north have long dominated Christian and animist Africans in the south. But, in a referendum scheduled for January 2011, southerners are expected to vote for separation. And the divorce may not be pretty. The south will take water, land, and about three quarters of Sudan’s oil with it. That’s one of many reasons the north opposes the divorce, and why there’s fear of a return to conflict.
Executive Producer: Aaron Lobel / AAM Producers: Monica Bushman, Sean Carberry, Jordana Gustafson, Matt Ozug, Chris Williams. Editing by Martha Little / Web Producer: Javier Barrera / Photo: Sean Carberry / Host: Deborah Amos
Sean Carberry reports from Malakal in South Sudan on the voter registration process, and how people there are eager for the referendum but wary of possible conflict with the north.
Deborah Amos examines the negotiations behind the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that put an end to Sudan’s long-running civil war and mapped out South Sudan’s road to self-determination.
Deborah Amos speaks with Nicholas Kristof, columnist of The New York Times and Andrew Natsios, former US Special Envoy to Sudan, about the Obama Administration's policy towards Sudan and about tense internal negotiations between North and South Sudan in the lead up to the referendum.